Carpenters are skilled people in crafts making who perform carpentry. Carpentry involves a wide range of woodworking. Constructing may include woodworking, buildings, furniture, and other objects made out of wood. Entering this profession needs to be informed of the career basics of carpentry.
Of course, knowledge of the chosen profession is essential. Passion is not enough to select a field. It is also crucial to know the nature and necessities a career you’re interested in requires.
Due to the intense physical and manual labour this career requires, most carpenters are male. Almost 98.5 % of carpenters are male, making it the fourth most dominated occupation in the United States.
There are 332,901 people employed in the Carpenters industry in the US as of this year. Most of them are contractors who build or repair buildings.
Other carpenters work for manufacturing firms, government agencies, retail stores, and schools. About 30 per cent of carpenters are self-employed.
There are different types of carpenters. Knowing each occupation description may help future carpenters decide what field to specialize in. The following are the different types of carpentry jobs:
• Mayster – involved in rough carpentry; includes framing, formwork, roofing and other structural or large-scale work that is not necessarily polished in appearance.
• Joister- involved in putting floor joists. Floor joists are horizontal boards that provide the floor strength in holding the weight.
• Finish carpenter- involved in finish carpentry, cabinetry, furniture making, fine woodworking, model building, instrument making, parquetry, and other carpentry that require minimal margin of error.
• Trim carpenter- involved in moulding and trim like door and window casings, mantle, baseboard and ornamental work.
• Cabinetmaker – involved in the cabinet, wardrobe, dressers, storage chests and other furniture making whose function is for storage
• Ship’s carpenter- involved in shipbuilding, maintenance and repair, and carpentry specific to nautical needs.
• Scenic carpenter – involved in scenery and set production for films, television and theatre
• Framer- involved in building skeletal structures or frameworks of buildings.
• Roofer- involved and specialized in roof construction, especially on rafters, beams and trusses
• Millwrights – involved primarily in metal and with machinery and equipment requiring precision
• Piledrivers – involved in the installation of heavy timbers requiring the use of cranes and the skill of rigging
• Plasterer – mix and apply the cement and gypsum-based wet plaster to provide a fire-resistant finish to internal surfaces such as walls and ceilings, etc
To gather much knowledge about their chosen profession, carpenters learn their trade through on-the-job training, formal training programmes, vocational education or employer training and apprenticeships. As early as high school, carpentry is already taught through courses like carpentry, shop, drawing and math.
Apprenticeships combine on-the-job training and classroom work. Applicants for an internship must be at least 18 years old and pass an exam to see if they have the skills to become a carpenter. The length of the program is usually 3 to 4 years. Starting carpenters learn under the supervision of more experienced practitioners.
Aside from laborious and arduous tasks a carpenter does, carpentry jobs also require or engage in the following tasks:
• Reading blueprints and getting instructions from a supervisor
• Doing the layout, including selecting materials, method or work and measuring and marking materials to avoid costly mistakes
• Cutting and shaping materials and joining them together
• Checking completed units to be sure they are level, square, plumb and in the right shape, size and location
Knowing the career basics of carpentry makes a soon-to-be carpenter groomed for taking the necessary steps to become one.