Climate-friendly gardening involves using natural gardening practices to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. Plus, these practices encourage healthier soil by improving the absorption of carbon dioxide, reducing global warming issues.
What Are Greenhouse Gases?
First, let’s understand the problem with greenhouse gases. While about 66 percent of greenhouse gases are attributed to fossil fuels and cement production, the rest is caused by human use of land. Greenhouse gases comprise carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and black carbon.
So how can the climate-friendly gardener reduce greenhouse gases?
The way gardeners cause extra carbon dioxide to be released into the atmosphere happens due to not considering the habitats they’re destroying or the unnatural soil cultivation using fuel-based fertilizers and chemical pesticides.
- Peat moss – Stop using peat moss or any compost that contains peat because it damages the environment.
- Renewable sources – Use renewable sources for building materials, such as bamboo.
- Cover your soil – Don’t leave your soil naked between growing; use a cover plant that adds the proper nutrients to your soil.
- Use human power – Avoid gas and instead use gardening tools that are human or electric powered.
- Use rainwater – Avoid watering your garden with tap water; instead, use rainwater catchment.
It is of more concern to animal farmers than gardeners, but methane production can be significantly eliminated by:
- Keeping soil aerated
- Keeping compost heaps turned and moist
- Getting rid of weeds properly through hand digging or natural competition
- Keeping ponds aerobic
Doing the above will reduce methane production within your garden's ecosystem, keeping it at more natural levels.
Gardeners cause too much nitrous oxide to get into the atmosphere from gardening practices such as using synthetic fertilizers, working in the garden when the soil is wet, causing the soil to compact, and burning garden waste. You can reduce this by using natural practices, for example, using the right plants such as legumes as cover plants to increase soil nitrogen and so forth.
While this is not a gas, it behaves like a greenhouse gas because it absorbs heat. You can cut down on this problem by not burning weeds – or at least not burning them while wet. Black carbon is also produced by transporting garden products to chain stores. Try buying locally to cut down on black carbon.
Use climate-friendly gardening practices such as planting strategically, weeding properly, keeping soil healthy and moist without fossil fuels and more. When you can do something natural to control the environment, such as planting shade trees, building water features by catching rainwater, or strategically placing wildlife-attracting plants, you will have a healthier garden and not contribute to greenhouse gases.